1. ORASECOM is hiring consultants
  2. 4th SADC Groundwater Conference 10-12 November 2021
  3. Botswana Desalination Plant Project Launched
  4. 39th IAHR World Congress
  5. Water is a matter of life and death – Opinion piece
  6. Webinar: Transboundary Water Management under conditions of Climate and Political Uncertainty: Middle Eastern and South African Perspectives
  7. World Water Week Groundwater Webinar
  8. Interview with Lenka Thamae, Executive Secretary of ORASECOM on the Lesotho-Botswana Water Transfer scheme
  9. Webinar Series: Groundwater – Base Rock of Resilience
  10. Climate Resilient Water Resources Investment Strategy & Plan & Lesotho-Botswana Water Transfer (L-BWT) Project
  11. GIZ
  12. Joint Water Resources Quality Survey (JBS)
  13. FGEF Support
  14. Water Information System (WIS)
  15. Joint Irrigation Authority (JIA)
  16. Water Information System (WIS)
  17. Adequate Rainfall Predicted for SADC October-December Season
  18. Orange-Senqu Basin Wide Groundwater Survey
  19. Fundraising for the Lesotho-Botswana Water Transfer Project
  20. Orange-Senqu River Awareness Kit
  21. International Conference on FRESH WATER GOVERNANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, 5th – 7th November, 2012, Champagne Sports Resort, Central Drakensburg (KwaZulu-Natal), South Africa
  22. 4th Orange-Senqu River Basin Symposium, 6th – 7th June 2012, Campus of the University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
  23. The African Transboundary River Basin Support Programme came to an end
  24. Towards Transboundary Evironmental Assessment Guidelines for the Orange-Senqu River Basin
  25. ORASECOM initiates work on the Orange-Senqu River Learning Box
  26. The ORASECOM Secretariat takes delivery of a three dimensional map of the basin
  27. ORASECOM publishes its “State of the Orange-Senqu River System” Report
  28. ORASECOM initiates work on the Orange-Senqu River Learning Box
  29. Training on Aquatic Ecosystem Health Monitoring
  30. The Urban Pollution Workshop at Mohale Dam
  31. Phase 2 of an IWRM Plan Development Project came to an end
  32. ORASECOM opens the Secretariat offices
  33. ORASECOM is visited by the Volta Basin Authority
  34. Training on Water Resources Yield Simulation Models
  35. ORASECOM at the 3rd Africa Water Week in Addis Ababa
  36. ORASECOM comes of age at 10!
  37. ORASECOM participates in the 13th International RiverSymposium
  38. ORASECOM works with the Benguela Current Commission
  39. Environmental Flows Requirements Site selection and survey for Caledon, Kraai, South Africa & Lesotho
  40. First Delphi Workshop, June 2010, North West, South Africa
  41. ORASECOM Prepares for the Joint Basin Survey – 1
  42. Workshop on Stakeholder Participation – Maseru, Lesotho
  43. Visit of the Nile Equatorial Subsidiary Action Plan group
  44. Visit to Lesotho Flow Gauging Stations

Regional and International Agreements

Several regional and basin-level agreements are important to the founding and the operation of ORASECOM. These agreements are detailed below.

 

ORASECOM Agreement

The Orange-Senqu River Commission (ORASECOM) was formalized by the Governments of Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa through the signing of the Agreement for the Establishment of the Orange-Senqu Commission on November 3rd, 2000 in Windhoek, Namibia (Earle et al, 2005).

ORASECOM was the first commission to be established following the regional ratification of the SADC Protocol on Shared Water Course Systems. The Agreement refers to, and recognizes the following agreements:

  • Helsinki Rules (1966)
  • UN Convention on Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (1997)
  • The SADC Revised Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems (2000)

SADC Revised Protocol

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an international organization that has been in existence since 1980 and currently comprises 15 member states: Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The SADC Secretariat consists of Directorates of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources; Trade, Industry, Finance and Investment; Infrastructure and Services (I&S); and Social and Human Development. The SADC Water Division (WD), within the SADC Directorate of Infrastructure & Services (I&S), is tasked with overall coordination and management of the SADC Water Programme.

The revised SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems (2000) was originally developed by SADC in 1995 as part of the implementation process of the SADC Treaty. The original SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems was revised to recognize the UN Watercourses Convention. The SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems was signed in 2000 and came into force in 2003.

The SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourses promotes the establishment of shared watercourse agreements and institutions and enshrines the principles of reasonable use and environmentally sound development of the resource. It supports Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) and the Regional Strategic Action Plan for Integrated Water Resources Development and Management (RSAP-IWRM).

The SADC Protocol supports strengthening the principles of integrated management of shared basins with specific provisions for equitable utilization, planned measures, no significant harm, and emergency situations.

More Information (User can click on ‘More Info’ to open the full agreement: Need to obtain from ORASECOM)

 

UN Watercourses Convention

The UN Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (Watercourses Convention) passed in the UN General Assembly in 1997. This convention provides a framework and principles to guide basin level agreements. The Watercourses Convention is intended to be an umbrella agreement to support and sustain basin-wide cooperation. Within the Orange-Senqu River basin, South Africa and Namibia have both ratified this agreement.

The Watercourses Convention stresses principles of:

  • Universal participation
  • Cooperative governance
  • Equity
  • Peaceful dispute resolution
  • Communication and environmental protection

The Watercourses Convention also supports Millennium Development Goal 7, Target 10, on sustainable access to safe water drinking water and basic sanitation.